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The Earliest Artificial Eye

In 2006 the archaeologists found an artificial eyeball on a female skeleton in an ancient grave of the Burnt City’s cemetery, dated back to 4800 years ago [1].  Found by an Iranian archaeologist in Shahr-i-Sokhta (Burnt City) is in the Sistan desert on the Iranian-Afghan border. The face, reconstructed by a group of Iranian and Italian researchers and displayed in Rome’s National Museum of Oriental Art in 2010, carries the first ocular prosthesis ever made by man which has been worn during its owner’s lifetime (Figure 1).

Figure 1 The earliest artificial eye found by Iranian archaeologists in Shahr-e-Sukhteh, Iran


1              Mishra, S.K., Khanli, H.M., Akhlaghipour, G., Jazi, G.A., and Khosa, S.: ‘Historical perspective of neurology in Iran’, Iranian journal of neurology, 2019, 18, (1), pp. 25

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